Executives in this unit group plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate, through middle managers, the overall operations of goods production, utility, transportation and construction companies. They formulate policies which establish the direction to be taken by these companies, either alone or in conjunction with other members of a board of directors.
A university degree or college diploma in engineering, business administration, commerce or other discipline related to the company’s product is usually required. Several years of experience as a middle manager in goods production, utilities, transportation or construction are usually required. Specialization in a particular functional area or product is possible through specific university or college training in that area or through previous experience. Senior managers in finance usually require a professional accounting designation.